HISTORY OF MIZORAM
Situated in the southernmost outpost of North Eastern India, Mizoram is a picturesque destination for the perceptive visitor with its wide display of dances & festivals, handlooms and handicrafts, flora and fauna, breathtaking natural beauty and temperate climate. The general belief is that the Mizos migrated from China about three hundred years ago, in search of new territory and settled in these remote hills which were earlier known as Lushai Hills. During the British rule, the region was annexed to Assam as the Lushai Hills District and later on after Indian independence in 1972, it became the 23rd state of the Indian Union.
The term 'Mizo' is deriving from two words- 'Mi' means man and 'Zo' means hills. Today Mizoram consist of a population of over five Lakh who identify themselves as 'Mizo'.
The Mizos are friendly and hospitable. English is one of the commonly speaking languages. The people are simple, happy, carefree, contented, generous and freedom-loving. They rank third in the country as far as percentage of literacy is concerned - with 87% literacy rate. Unlike the other places in India the Mizos do not have any status differences between men and women who have equal rank in their society. Music plays a key role in uniting and strengthening the bond between the Mizo people. The joyful enthusiasm and companionable spirits of the common people have truly made them the real songbirds of this exotic hill station.
Aizawl, the state Capital of Mizoram is located at an altitude of 4000 feet above sea level. Surrounded on the east by the deep green valley of river Tlawng and protected by beautiful high hills of Durtlang on the north, it is an ideal hill station for those looking for fresh clean air and solitude
Places to visit in Aizawl:
Bara Bazar: It is the most important shopping hub with stalls selling garments, and other commodities. Here the people can be seen in their traditional costumes selling products from farms and homesteads including river crabs with little wicker baskets.
Luangmual Handicarfts Centre: 7 Kms away from Aizawl it takes half an hour to reach by car. The 'Khumbeu' ceremonial bamboo hat is made here using waterproof 'hnahthial' leaves.
Mizoram State Museum: This museum is situated at Mc Donald Hill in the town center. It has a most interesting collection of historical relics, ancient costumes and traditional implements.
(Open Monday - Friday from 9:00 A.M to 5 PM. Saturday 9 AM to 1 PM)
Durtlang Hills: These beautiful, craggy hills offer a breathtaking view of Aizawl.
Mini Zoo: Home to species of animals and birds found only in the hills of Mizoram
Berawtlang Tourist Complex: This is a recreational center situated 7 kms away from Aizawl City. It offers the facilities of Restaurant as well as Tourist Cottages.
Tamdil Lake: 85 kms from Aizawl, Tamdil is the largest natural lake in Mizoram surrounded by cool virgin forests. It is an ideal picnic spot for tourists, offering the facilities of boating and fishing and a Tourist lodge for those who wish to spend a night or two enjoying the serenity of the place.
Champhai: Champhai is a busy commercial town and a developing venue for Indo-Myanmar border trade, and an ideal place for marketing all kinds of goods. It is an important agriculture and sericulture centre, and from it visitors can get a view of the hills of Myanmar. 5 km away from Champhai is the Ruantlang village where glimpses of the ancestral way of life of the Mizos can still be seen.
Vantawng Water Falls: Located 137 kms from Aizawl, this is the highest and most beautiful waterfall in Mizoram (750 feet).
Lunglei: It is situated 235 kms from Aizawl, The scenic beauty and cool, pleasant climate make Lunglei a beautiful hill station for the tourists.
Phawngpui: Literally meaning 'Blue Mountain', Phawngpui is the highest mountain peak in Mizoram, a height of 2165 metres. It is situated close to the Burma border, on the curve of the river Kolodyne, in the Chhimtuipui district. Rich in exotic flowers, orchids, medicinal herbs, it is a very sacred peak, considered to be the abode of the Gods. There is a semi-circular beautiful cliff in the western side called Thlazuang Khamm which is the habitat of the wild mountain goats. People believe that this cliff is haunted by spirits.
It is preserved by the Government of Mizoram, and opens for adventure seekers